Radish (rad-ish)

Raphanus Sativus

How to Plant: Plant is free draining, well dug soil down to about 6 inches. This soil should have no stones in it. Radishes require slightly cool conditions to prevent them from bolting and going to seed. Sow the seeds about 1 inch deep, 2-3 seeds per inch. These seeds should germinate within 5-7 days and thin after two weeks to prevent bolting. Radishes do not compete for space well and need the extra room to grow larger root bulbs. Radishes will be ready 5 weeks after sowing and must be harvested asap. A layer of mulch surrounding the plants may deter root pests.

Every part of the radish plant are edible raw or cooked and the seed pods and flowers are extremely delicious. The leaves of the plant contain more vitamin C, protein and calcium than the root portion. Radish is rich is folic acid, zinc, b-complex vitamins, and phosphorus. Radish is also rich in anthocyanins which are said to be effective in fighting oral, colon, intestinal, kidney, and stomach cancers. Radish is also low in calories, cholesterol, and fat making it an ideal diet food. Radish juice helps sooth the digestive tract and detoxifies the body. Radish can also help ease congestion in the respiratory system, helping asthmatics. The plant is benefitial for the gall bladder and liver fuctions, containing sulfer based chemicals that regulate the flow and production of bilirubin and bile.

It has been these health benefits that have seen radish used in medicine. It is an effective treatment of jaundice as it is able to half the destruction of red blood cells and increase the supply of oxygen to the blood. It is also a natural diuretic and is very rich in roughage, facilitating digestion. Powdered seeds are used to treat leucoderma, soaked in vinegar, ginger juice, or cow’s urine then applied to the area. Smashed raw radish root can be used as a face pack and cleanser. It has anti-pruritic properties and can reduce pain and swelling caused by insect bites. Radish juice mixed with black salt and taken as a drink can bring down body temperature and relieve inflammation caused by fever, and as it is a great disinfectant, will fight the infection that caused the fever. It is also a good mouth and breath freshener.

Radish sprouts are a rich source of vitamins A, B, C, E, & K, minerals potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, and zinc. These sprouts contain a 26% protein content and naturally occuring estrogen, similar to human estrogen, making them helpful with symptoms related to PMS, Menopause, hot flashes, and fibrocystic disease.

 Yellow Bird Acres offers heirloom radish seeds that are perfectly suited and adapted to Zone 3a.


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